Tả Van Giáy Village
The village has 110 households with 550 inhabitants, away from Sapa about 10km. The trail to Ta Van is small and narrow, on the green terraced rice fields. A suspension bridge spanning the Muong Hoa stream - the way to Ta Van Giay village, with both sides of the bridge are the dust mop, reeds, azalea ties ... Near suspension bridge is the temple - where the Giay ethnic celebrate the “Nào Cống" festival.
Ta Van Giay is the current name, but local people in Lao Cai and Lai Chau, the Giay ethnic groups are more farmiliar with the name “Mướng Và”, this name being called from “Mướng Vá” the sound of Tay ethnic language, means "arm". According to the legend, this village of Tay ethnic people only that why it had that name. The center of the village there is a rocky hill people called “Pỏm mò dà táy” (that mean: Mrs Tay grave).
In Ta Van Giay village , it's not only natural scenery but idyllic, rustic village. Village of Mường Và leaned back into the mountains, in front of the Muong Hoa stream. The village direction is from the West to the East, houses are facing to the Northeast, on the East just the high mountains, the south is the stream. According to feng shui concept of Giay people, the house and the mountain direction along the water flow are not good ...
The village Mường Vá of Giay people has the 300-year history. The very first family that came to this land was Sần family, then Vàng, Lù families and others. They settled with hundreds of houses and gathering into villages at the foot hills, river valleys, along streams. Surrounded by Mong ethnic, Giay people living together but remain intact for the culture of the traditional customs, beliefs and festivals.
Giay's wedding season is in October of last year lunar calendar lunar calendar to February of next year (from Mar - Jul: never celebrate wedding; Aug - Sep: able to celebarae the wedding). Weddings are more picky with many steps, watching the house; matchmaking (parent son can ask his son about the girl) challenge of the bride's family (mainly: meat and wine on the wedding invitations , capital for the girl).
"Ending words" ceremony is held on both sides of the bride and the groom. Now the couple is recognized as son and daughter of two families, regarded as husband and wife. After three years from the ceremony if the man do not take his wife home, the two parties are free to go with someone else, if less than three years and they overcome the rule then it'll be a peanly. The wedding ceremony held in two families. The welcoming team of the bridal must scarf the red cross cloth. When the wedding is over, the bride's delegation are marked with red on the cheeks, along with the "punch" of the grooms family to never "forget" the them.
Arcorrding to the concept of Giay people when a person dies, the children wash their bodies carried by grapefruit leaves, lime leaves with warm water bath, then change clothes for the deceased. The dead body is placed in the center of the house, on the body covered with white cloth, yellow paper covered on the face, a stone in mouth (from rock grinding knife) and cutting pieces of silver from silver coin (the number of stones and silver pieces is equal to the number of children, grand children). This is for the spirit of the deceased can not open his mouth to asked his children, because who is asked will get sick. When the corpse was brought out in the center of the house, children wear insideout clothes, walk barefoot, sleep on floor and be vegetarian, squatting until the the deceased is buried.
In the religious beliefs of Giay people, most importantly, ancestor worship and god worship. Ancestor worship is the worship of the Vàng, Lù, Lò, Lí families... without a specific one. The altar is placed in the center the house, keeping intact the ancient structure, the age of wood and drawers.. Besides ancestor worship, Giay people wroship Spirits: "Thú tỷ" - the land Spirit, "Srú pướng” và “Đong xía” - Forest Spirit.
In one year, in Ta Van Giay many festivals as: Tet festival in January “Đươn xiêng”; Tết festival in July; Tết festivals of Mar 3rd, Apr 4th; Full moon festival in May; full moon festival in August; September new rice festival; October festival to end of season rice and making rice cake; November Tet festival and special winter festival of going to the rice field “Roóng poọc” that held on the Dragon day in January. In January, from 10th January onwards, government discuss to the elderly of the day for going to the fields, after reaching agreement, people vote for an elder that will be in charge for holding the ceremony. He will call for contributions to buy a pig, a pair of chicken, rice 5 pounds, 5 liters of wine, 1 pound fresh fish, 5 eggs that are offered to gods ...
Contribution divided among households. In a field before the village, people put common village sacrificial altar, the rest of the families had its own altars. Worship of the family mainly cakes, chicken or fish, eggs. They put the column with yin-yang circle on top near the altar, when the worship ceremony ended, elder women thrown the balls into the ying-yang circles then will be the turns of people took part in the festival. When the game was over, the column with ying-yang circles was took down, pride was given to the winner of the game. The festival was end with games.
Folk Arts in the village of Ta Van Giay village is varied, including many fairy tales; puzzle and many articles on proverbs quiz, quiz plants, household items, all or a natural phenomenon ... proverb to the commandment to teach children, to meet the critical exchange and also the standard of conduct in society ... There are also over 10 wedding folk songs, love singing more than 300 posts and 15 songs in the dinner
The daily diet of Giay people often stir, fries dishes and soups. When guests were comming it will have boiled, fried dishes in addition. During the Tet festival, it will be roast pork, barbecue and can not missing the "Khẩu nhục" dish, a specialty. Beverage of Giay people in the New Year holidays only wine, water for daily lunch, tea. Visit Ta Van Giay, you will have chance to enjoy the specialties of ethnic that make by them such as grilled fish streams of Muong Hum, Muong Khuong horse meat, pork of Bac Ha, sticky five-color glutinous Van Ban ... immersed in air of festivals, folk games of Giay people in holidays such as Nào Cống, Roóng Poọc (going to the field), throwing balls ... and participate in tours of the village.
Costume and jewelry of Giay people are simple . Men mainly wear black or white pants, short black jacket, maybe the color has white but no other color, buttoned is on the left.
They wear the cloth of indigo dyed cotton cloth forming the impermeable white dots like stars with squares, rectangles, triangles, tree and leaf on their head... Women also dressed as men, but with black fabric, glossy soft cloth, silk, satin. Women can use color fabric waistband such as red and stitches inserted belt, while men use only crossed cloth and belts. Women use black jacket, there're all kinds of coloron jacket but not white, buttoned cloth or silver button on the right armpit.
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